I hope you all enjoyed my last post about the Trappist-1 planetary system. Now I’m here with an interesting news, that is India and Srilanka is going to celebrate New Year in April 14th. Wait… What? New year in April?? Is this a April fool joke? Well, the answer is no. India is going to celebrate their regional New year on 14th April 2017. Here I’ll explain about the New year celebrations in India and Srilanka.
New year in India
We all know that India is huge country with a population of 130 Cr. population and has have above 2000 languages spreading over it’s 29 states. These 29 states has their own culture. These culture celebrates their new year. The regional New year will be on the 14th or 15th April, that is the day when the sun moves from Meena Rashiya (Regional name of zodiac sign Pisces) to Mesha or Meda Rashiya (Regional name of zodiac sign Aries). The new year is also considered as the festival of harvesting and celebration of succes. The following are the new year celebrations of some Indian states.
1. Vishu in Kerala
One of the southern most state of India, Kerala people celebrates their regional New year as Vishu. They welcoming their new year new start and it is considered as festival of harvesting. People arrange a display with fruits, vegetables, money and gold along with the photo of hindu god Krishna. They decorate this display with the a flower called Kanikkonna (Indian laburnum). This display is known as Vishu Kani. This display would be set up in the Eve of Vishu, regionally known as Vishu Sankranti.
Image of the display, Vishu Kani. Image Courtesy- Wikipedia.
People see this display in early morning and they think that viewing this display at the time of new year will give them happiness and prosperity. After seeing this display people used to welcome their new year by cracking fireworks. In morning they make a dish called Vishu Katta or Vishu Kanji, a food prepared using rice, coconut and cumin. They eat it as their breakfast along with jaggery syrup. For afternoon they make a feast called Vishu Sadhya. The elder member of the family gives money to the younger members of the family, is known as Vishu Kaineetam. Vishu Kaineetam is a symbol of receiving the luck and prosperity. The festival is commonly celebrated in April 14th or 15th. It would be celebrated on 14th April in 2017.
2. Puthhaandu in Tamil Nadu
Another southern most state of India, Tamil Nadu celebrate their new year as Puthhaandu or Puthuvarsham which means New Year (Puthu- New Aandu- Year). They celebrate their new year by decorating their homes with lights and embroidered mats. They used to make a picture with rice powder in the entrance of their home, known as Kolam. They think the Kolam is the representative of or attract hindu goddess Mahalakshmi and this Kolam bring their home prosperity and happiness. They used to prepare a special sweet and sour dish known as Maambazha Pachhadi, a curry prepared using ripe mangoes. This festival is also celebrated by the Tamil people’s in Srilanka. People used to wish each other on that day by saying “Iniya puthhaandu nalvaazhthukkal”.
3. Pohela Boisakh in West Bengal
Pohela Boisakh is the name of the regional new year celebrated by the people of West Bengal and Bangladesh. It is very massive festival for Bengali people. They used to celebrate their new year by giving gift to friends and relatives, visiting their homes, watching pupet shows, singing and listening to traditional songs etc. The main attraction of the festival is Mangal Shobha Yatra, the new year procession. The festival is mostly celebrated on 14th April in Bangladesh and 15th April in West Bengal.
Image of celebrating Pohela Boisakh in Dhaka, Bangladesh. Image Courtesy- Wikipedia
4. Bihu in Assam
Bihu or Rongali Bihu is the regional new year celebrated by the people of Northeast Indian state Assam. The Bihu is a harvest festival. They celebrate the day of Bihu by dancing and visiting himes of relatives and friends. They used to work on the day of Bihu in fields as a thanksgiving to god for fulfilling their desires. Bihu is celebrated in 14th or 15th April.
5. Maha Vishuva Sankranti in Odisha
Maha Vishuva Sankranti or Pana Sankranti is the regiona new year in the Indian state Odisha. It is also celebrated in Jharkhand and Chattisgarh. The main attraction of Maha Vishuva Sankranti is worshipping the plant Tulasi (Holy Basil) with a pot made of soil. This is known as Basundhara Theki. People in Odisha celebrate the day by visiting temple and preparing auspicious dishes like Pana and Sattuuh. Sattuuh is presented to the Tulasi at the moment of worshipping. The people conducts Mela’s and Processions.
Image of Pana Sankranti celebration. Image Courtesy-Wikipedia
People uses to wish each other on the day by saying, “Maha Vishuva Sankranti ra anek anek subhechha”.
Baisakhi is the regional new year in India excluding the states mentioned above. The celebrations for Baisakhi is are same as the festivals mentioned above. But the mentioned states celebrate their new year as a massive festival.
New Year in Srilanka
New year in Srilanka is called Avurudu, is similar to the new year in India. It is very similar to the Vishu of Kerala and Maha Vishuva Sankranti of Odisha. The celebrations starts from the Eve of new year, known as Avurudu Eve. Avurudu is a festival of harvesting and worshipping Sun. People start celebrations from the eve of Avurudu by cracking fireworks. On the day of Avurudu, people used to see Sun. Viewing Sun first in Avurudu will bring them happiness and prosperity. They make different different of food for feast like Kiribath(Milk Rice), Kevum(A cake fried in oil), Kokis(A sweet), and Meals. They used to wear their traditional outfits in the day of Avurudu. The traditional style of Srilanka is known as Kandyan. In the night of Avurudu womens play Rabaan, a drum, is a musical instrument while men and women used to sing their traditional songs. Young girls dance with the music while the guys are the audience for this fair. The speed of Rabaan and songs will increase as the tim passes. At the final moment it will be like a bomb blast. After the fair guys will start to crack fireworks. In the next morning they worship Sun and after this the Avurudu celebration ends.
The regional new year celebrations in India and Srilanka is one of the things that we can’t explain in words.. Even though I hope you got a basic idea about the regional new year celebration. Hope you all enjoyed it. If there is any mistakes in this article, please let me know. Don’t forget to follow me in Facebook and Twitter.